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These assay offices were established by law, superseding the medieval Guild system of regulation.These hallmarks were used for plate, vessels and candlesticks etc.To ensure that items pass assay, the alloy used by the goldsmith will be slightly finer than the absolute minimum standard.
Until 1880 Swiss gold watches were usually stamped with the gold fineness, usually 14 carats, a popular standard on the continent, and silver watches were often simply marked "Fine Silver" or "Argent Fin", an unspecified standard of fineness. This was not permitted for British made watches, the cuvette or "dome" had to be made of the same material as the rest of the case.Contents Swiss Hallmarks Poinçons de Maître Precious Metals Act 1880 Gold • Eighteen Carat Gold • Fourteen Carat Gold • Nine Carat Gold • Twelve Carat Gold Silver 875 and 800 • 800 silver • 900 silver • 935 silver • 925 silver Platinum The Merchandise Marks Act • Three Bears: 935 silver • Three Heads: 0.755 gold • Nine and Twelve Carat Gold • "Swiss Made" Plaqué Or - Gold Plated Precious Metals Act 1933 Déposé No. Regulations were later introduced in the cantons of Neuchâtel and Schaffhausen, each having its own standards for gold and silver, its own system of testing and hallmarking, and its own unique set of marks.9846 Other Swiss Case Marks • Swiss Federal Cross • Brevet Dem. To begin with the standards and marking were controlled by the local Guilds.The 1880 Swiss Act introduced legal standards for gold used in watch cases in Switzerland.However, some other countries had slightly differing standards for gold and so some modifications were later introduced to accommodate these.