Dating delft pottery

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Known in England as Dresden porcelain and, in France, as porcelaine de Saxe (Saxony), Meissen porcelain was the first true version of the Chinese type produced in Europe.After the formula was discovered in late 1707 by Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus & Johann Friedrich Böttger, production started at the Meissen factory in 1710. A notable enhancement was introduced in in the 1730s with the invention of a blue underglaze decoration called zwiebelmuster (onion motif).By 1760, Meissen's leading role had passed to French Sevres porcelain, even though the former remains a highly prized form of high quality ceramic.Originally a Japanese lead-glazed style of earthenware made during the 16th century in Kyoto for the tea-ceremony, raku ware is traditionally molded by hand instead of using a potter's wheel, and thus each item is unique.

These definitions are not absolute: some ceramic items can be both beautiful works of art and still have a function.In the Americas, pottery first appeared in Pre-Columbian art around 2000-1800 BCE.A soft white clay, essential for the creation of china and porcelain, kaolin is named after Kao-Ling (Gaoling) a hill in Jiangxi, China, where it was mined for centuries.Other sophisticated forms appeared in Islamic art, made by Middle Eastern ceramicists, who invented tin-glaze in the 9th century CE.In the East, the most outstanding fine art ceramics were first produced in China, where significant advances were achieved in the composition, glazing and decoration of clay objects.

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